During the winter months, bad weather and road conditions can create major hazards for the drivers.
Based on a report from the U.S. Department of Transportation, about 25% of all crashes are due to bad weather condition such as fog, snow, rain and strong winds, or road surface conditions such as wet, icy or slippery pavement.
When you are driving in bad weather and road conditions, you will need to be careful and aware of the driving hazards that are posed by these conditions and take certain steps to reduce the chances of having an accident during bad weather.
Best practices in bad weather conditions
Keep your windshield and all your windows and mirrors clean.
As a driver, you want to have a clear view of everything on the road.
When your windows are dirty, the sun or bright headlights can make it especially hard to see.
Bad weather conditions can add more obstructions to your view.
Before you drive, make sure your windows and windshields are clear of dirt, frost, ice, and residue.
Inspect and replace your windshield wipers if needed.
Windshield wipers need to be replaced at least once a year at the start of the rainy season or when they are worn or ineffective in cleaning your windshield.
Check your tires' pressure, tread depth and for obvious sign of damage.
Please see our lesson on how to check your tires or take your vehicle to a service center for inspection.
Check your coolant.
During very cold weather, your car's coolant needs to be able to withstand freezing temperatures.
Check your coolant and use the appropriate antifreeze coolant for your car.